Storage facilities have a prominent role in today’s energy system, regardless of whether electricity, heat or gas storage. Storage units increase flexibility, especially with a power supply based on line systems. In particular, the use of storage facilities decouples generation and consumption and makes a significant contribution to the energy revolution. Storage tanks can also be used for multi-use cases due to their ability to regulate both -infeed and outfeed.
In the area of electricity storage facilities, a large number of legal issues are still unresolved. The Energy Industry Act (short: EnWG) and the Renewable Energy Sources Act (short: EEG) as well as regulations based on them, such as the Electricity Grid Fee Ordinance (short: StromNEV) or the Electricity Grid Access Ordinance (short: StromNZV) do not contain any clear regulations or a coordinated system for electricity storage. The new regulation for self-sufficiency from electricity storage under the EEG also still contains a large number of ambiguities. In addition, the Federal Network Agency and European network codes for the provision of control energy (primary control power (PRL for short), secondary control power (SRL for short) and minute reserve (MRL for short)) have specified various regulations to be observed. Gas storage facilities are also subject to comparable regulations of the EnWG, whereby in legal practice long-term gas supply contracts and balancing group contracts are regularly the subject of consultation.
The integration of heat storage systems into local heating or district heating networks and in combination with various generation plants (e. g. solar thermal or co-generation) is also influenced by legislation. Next to connecting the heat accumulator, the legal advice provided by AVBFernwärmeV includes, in particular, the promotion conditions in accordance with the Combined Heat and Power Act (KWKG) or the requirements for heat supply – unless capacities are not only provided.
Our consulting services cover all lifecycles of storage facilities, providing you with a basis for decision-making, in particular in connection with the regulatory framework, and accompanying the adjustments due to European legal developments as well as creating the necessary contractual basis required for the planning, construction and operation of the storage facilities. In addition, as with other generation plants, there are questions arising relating to grid connection, usage contracts for construction and operation as well as long-term supply contracts with the customers of the respective energy source. Further, any obstacles and claims against third parties, e. g. network operators, transmission system operators, suppliers etc. are represented in and out of court (also before the EEG clearing house or the BNetzA).
We advise in particular storage operators, technology manufacturers, project developers, system integrators, consulting firms, craft enterprises, housing construction companies, dealers, testing and certification companies as well as institutions from research and development. We are involved in the Bundesverband Energiespeicher e. V. , in order to remove legal obstacles to the necessary construction of storage capacities through political influence.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.